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Documented Health Risks of Chlorine and Other Toxic Chemicals in Tap Water
Chronic toxicity

We speak of chronic intoxication when the person is exposed over a long period to a toxin.

Although disinfection of domestic water supply is crucial for protecting public health from waterborne diseases, the process of disinfecting water with chlorine and chloramines generates a class of compounds in the water that are called disinfection by-products. The disinfectant reacts with the organic material in the water and generates hundreds of different compounds. Some of these are toxic, some can cause birth defects, some are genotoxic, which damage DNA, and some are also carcinogenic.


Health Risks Of Monochloramine (Chloramine) In Drinking Water:

Some municipalities, like Rand Water, add Chloramine (chlorine & ammonia) as a secondary disinfection to their treatment process.

In recent studies funded and conducted by the EPA, scientists have discovered many by-products of chloramines that are cytotoxic and genotoxic. These byproducts are mutagens and have the potential to cause cancer and birth defects. Some of the known by-products are Iodoacetic Acid, Hydrazine and Nitrosamines.

  • Disinfection by-products (DBP) in drinking water treated with chloramines is the most toxic ever found:
    A scientist at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign says iodoacetic acid, is the most toxic and DNA-damaging disinfection byproduct (DBP) to mammalian cells in tests ever found. read published article here....

  • Higher Lead Levels in Water Linked to Chloramines:
    The use of chloramines as a disinfectant has coincided with an increase in lead levels in drinking water in those systems. Lead in drinking water can be a significant health risk. read published article here....

  • Mixed with chloramine, household cleaning products form highly toxic nitrosamines, a suspected human carcinogen:
    Their laboratory research showed that when mixed with chloramine, some household cleaning products -- including shampoo, dishwashing detergent and laundry detergent -- formed N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), a semi-volatile organic chemical that is highly toxic and is a suspected human carcinogen. read published article here....
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